Tibetan buddhist dating
The body of the statue was reconstructed in 1185, and the 5.3-meter-high head was rebuilt in 1692.At 15 meters, it is the largest gilt bronze statue in the world. In order to drive away a general feeling of unrest caused by successive revolts, and to secure the protection and welfare of the nation with the help of Buddhism, Emperor Shōmu 聖武 (reigned 724 to 749) promoted the construction of a provincial temple in each province and made a decision to build a great image of Birushana Butsu, or Buddha Vairocana, at Tōdai-ji Temple.The above imagewas scanned from this book; Japanese language only 192 pages; 80 or so color photos.Click here to buy book at Amazon ABOVE AND BELOW - PHOTOS BY RON REZNICKBust of Rushana Nyorai at Tōdai-ji Temple in Nara. Major monastery-temple belonging to the Kegon sect of Buddhism.Birushana appears in the Kegon-kyō 華厳経 (Flower Garland Sutra; Skt.= Avatamsaka Sutra) and other texts, where the deity is described as encompassing everything in the cosmos.The body of the statue was reconstructed in 1185,and the 5.3-meter-high head was rebuilt in 1692. It was erected by order of the Emperor Shomu (r 724-749) in Nara, the capital of Japan from 710 to 784, to become the most important religious institution within the network of provincial monasteries and convents (kokubunji) throughout Japan.For more photos of Tōdai-ji Temple by Ron Reznick, pleasevisit his web gallery at Immense in scale, Todaiji represented the culmination of Buddhist architecture under imperial sponsorship.
Japan’s other surviving Big Buddha statue from early times is the Big Buddha of Kamakura. NARA DAIBUTSU 奈良の大仏- 15 meters in height, gilt bronze The famous Big Buddha statue at Tōdai-ji Temple 東大寺 is an effigy of Birushana.= Vairocana) as the central Buddha of the universe, the so-called Cosmic Buddha.What is often forgotten, however, is that Dainichi 大日如來 (Great Sun Buddha) is the translation of Sanskrit “Vairocana,” while Birushana is the transliteration.The temple building itself is the largest existing wooden structure in the world.The present temple building was reconstructed in the middle of the Edo Era (1603-1867).
Over the centuries the icon was severely damaged several times and finally restored to its present form in 1692.