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Munich is one of the most prosperous and fastest growing cities in Germany.It is a top-ranked destination for migration and expatriate location, despite being the municipality with the highest population density in Germany (4,500 people per km²) .The name of the city is derived from the Old/Middle High German term Munichen, meaning "by the monks".It derives from the monks of the Benedictine order, who ran a monastery at the place that was later to become the Old Town of Munich; hence the monk depicted on the city's coat of arms. Catholic Munich was a cultural stronghold of the Counter-Reformation and a political point of divergence during the resulting Thirty Years' War, but remained physically untouched despite an occupation by the Protestant Swedes.In the 1920s, Munich became home to several political factions, among them the NSDAP.The first attempt of the Nazi movement to take over the German government in 1923 with the Beer Hall Putsch was stopped by the Bavarian police in Munich with gunfire.
An air of excitement surrounds the chance to tackle a challenge that will test their skills and push them to think beyond accepted boundaries.
After the end of postwar American occupation in 1949, there was a great increase in population and economic power during the years of Wirtschaftswunder, or "economic miracle".
Unlike many other German cities which were heavily bombed and destroyed, Munich restored most of its traditional cityscape and hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics.
The foundation date is considered the year 1158, the date the city was first mentioned in a document. By then, the Guelph Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, had built a toll bridge over the river Isar next to the monk settlement and on the salt route.
In 1175, Munich received city status and fortification.
The 1980s brought strong economic growth, high-tech industries and scientific institutions, and population growth.