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This naming system persisted alongside an "ecclesiastical" tradition of numbering the days, in ecclesiastical Latin beginning with dominica (the Day of the Lord) as the first day.The Greco-Roman gods associated with the classical planets were rendered in their interpretatio germanica at some point during the late Roman Empire, yielding the Germanic tradition of names based on indigenous deities.In the flood story of the Assyro-Babylonian epic of Gilgamesh the storm lasts for seven days, the dove is sent out after seven days, and the Noah-like character of Utnapishtim leaves the ark seven days after it reaches firm ground.It seems likely that the Hebrew seven-day week is based on the Babylonian tradition, although going through certain adaptations.On these days, officials were prohibited from various activities and common men were forbidden to "make a wish", and at least the 28th was known as a "rest-day".The forerunner of all modern Zoroastrian calendars is the system used to reckon dates in the Persian Empire, adopted from the Babylonian calendar by the 4th century BC. Senn in his book Christian Liturgy: Catholic and Evangelical points to data suggesting evidence of an early continuous use of a seven-day week; referring to the Jews during the Babylonian Captivity in the 6th century BC, after the destruction of the Temple of Solomon.ISO 8601 assigns numbers to the days of the week, running from 1 to 7 for Monday through to Sunday.The term "week" is sometimes expanded to refer to other time units comprising a few days, such as the nundinal cycle of the ancient Roman calendar or the "work week" or "school week" referring only to the days spent on those activities.
the integer value at noon UT): Adding one to the remainder after dividing the Julian day number by seven (JD modulo 7 1) yields that date's ISO 8601 day of the week (for example, the Julian day number of 13 January 2018 is 2458132.
Circular diagrams showing the division of the day and of the week, from a Carolingian ms. In English, the names are Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
The days of the week were named after the classical planets (derived from the astrological system of planetary hours) in the Roman era.
George Aaron Barton speculated that the seven-day creation account of Genesis is connected to the Babylonian creation epic, Enûma Eliš, which is recorded on seven tablets.
Counting from the new moon, the Babylonians celebrated the 7th, 14th, 21st and 28th as "holy-days", also called "evil days" (meaning "unsuitable" for prohibited activities).
The obsolete septimane is cognate with the Romance terms derived from Latin septimana ("a seven"). A week is defined as an interval of exactly seven days, ≈ 52.1786 weeks, which cannot be represented by a finite decimal expansion).